The Four Stages Of Team Development


Don’t leave team conflict unchecked, but remember that a little friction can be a good thing – it might reveal inefficiencies for the group to fix together and, ultimately, lead to innovation. Schedule regular reviews of where your team is at, and adjust your behavior and leadership approach accordingly. Identify the stage that your team is at from the descriptions above.

Why do teams not go to Stage 4?

Teams fail to reach the highest performance stage because of lack in one or more of the 4 C’s: Commitment, Cooperation, Communication, and Contribution. For instance, a team could fall short of the performing stage because of a lack of commitment to common goals.

There are scenarios when a group shifts back to the Storming stage or proceeds to the Performing stage quickly without stopping at the Norming stage. For example, this can happen when new tasks appear or if the team members have worked in many projects, and are experienced in team development stages. The team leader takes the role of the curator, stepping aside and giving more freedom of action to the team.

Leadership Strategies To Facilitate Successful Team Development

Bruce Tuckman divided this process into 5 stages and provided characteristics, typical for each stage. Integrate Everhour in any of your current project management tools, CRMs or accounting programs. They understand the needs of the group, know its objectives and how to achieve them. Use a carefully calculated time count, delegate tasks effectively and allocate the project budget to a tee. We put “future” here because the members are not united by the same aim just yet.

While teams move through the four stages in sequence, the phases may overlap or be repeated. Use Tuckman’s model to continually review where you team is at – and make any necessary changes to get back on course. You should also make time for the group’s personal development. Discuss with your team what opportunities and resources are available to them, such as the Mind Tools toolkits. But you may have to help quieter team members to have their say.

the four stages of team development

Here, team members have figured out how to work together and there’s no more conflict or internal competitions lingering. Now that we know where the stages come from, let’s break down the ins and outs of each stage and what you can expect from your team in each. Agenda TemplatesKeep all of your meetings running smoothly with these pre-built meeting agenda templates.

Tips For High Performing Leaders

They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations. Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. Sometimes also called the termination, mourning, or ending stage, most, if not all, of the goals of the team have been accomplished.

Depending on the amount of bonding, this phase can be awkward and stressful. Initial uneasiness and and uncertainty encountered during the forming phase. Evidenced in in the small talk, awkward silence, and search for friendly faces. If it lasts too long it will become detrimental to the group process. Is an approach to understanding group process that suggests the importance of waiting to solve a problem until all the issues surrounding it have been discussed.

  • These social connections are especially important right now, as more of us work from home.
  • Browser ExtensionsAccess meeting notes inside of Google Meet and get helpful details through Google Calendar events.
  • To avoid louder individuals dominating face-to-face or virtual team meetings, ask for, and hear, everyone’s point of view.
  • They don’t have a clear strategy, and this can result in a lack of initiative or everyone taking their own diverging paths.
  • For example, this can happen when new tasks appear or if the team members have worked in many projects, and are experienced in team development stages.

Team MeetingsCollaborate on meeting agendas, take notes in real-time, and end every team meeting with an action plan. Love your term “naive listening” – setting judgments aside and focusing on understanding. Stage 2 is hardest for the team leader when the dissatisfaction is focused on the leader , and naive listening is especially required in that case. Similar to erecting a strong and lasting building, the foundation is critical.

What About Tuckman’s Adjourning Or Mourning Stage?

It can be considered the period of orientation when everyone is getting to know one another and becoming acquainted. Team Meetings GuideLearn how the world’s best companies run effective team meetings – featuring insights from Figma, Buffer, Close, Webflow, Shopify, and more. Fellow for EnterpriseSupport company leaders with Fellow’s uniform meeting templates, collaborative one-on-one meetings, and feedback tools.

ResourcesBlogLeadership, productivity, and meeting insights to fast-track your way to being a great leader. Browser ExtensionsAccess meeting notes inside of Google Meet and get helpful details through Google Calendar events. Sales LeadersFellow helps Sales leaders run productive 1-on-1s, team meetings, forecasting calls, and coaching sessions. Workspace AnalyticsGain insight about your company’s meeting frequency, productivity, and feedback culture. Guest UsersKeep meeting notes in one place by bringing everyone you work with – vendors, clients, agencies – into Fellow.

the four stages of team development

The forming stage involves a period of orientation and getting acquainted. Uncertainty is high during this stage, and people are looking for leadership and authority. A member who asserts authority or is knowledgeable may be looked to take control. Team members are asking such questions as “What does the team offer me? ” Most interactions are social as members get to know each other.

What are the six stages of group development?

Stages of Group Development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing & Adjourning.

For a big and successful business, the idea “If you want to do it well do it yourself” doesn’t work. A group of united and skilled professionals is usually behind a high-quality service or a product. So, if you aim to have a profitable, sustainable empire, you need a close-knit team to make it happen. To get there, learning more about team-management skills and the stages of group development is the way to go. The often-contentious storming stage is the period when team members clarify their goals and the strategy for achieving them.

In the adjourning stage, most of the team’s goals have been accomplished. The emphasis is on wrapping up final tasks and documenting the effort and results. As the work load is diminished, individual members may be reassigned to other teams, and the team disbands.

At the moment, they don’t know their roles for the project well and heavily rely on the leader’s decisions. Because storming can be contentious, members who are averse to conflict will find it unpleasant or even painful. This can decrease motivation and effort by drawing attention away from tasks. In some cases storming (i.e., disagreements) can be resolved quickly.

In 1975, Tuckman reviewed his model of team development and added one more stage. The Adjourning stage is a naturally-occurring group dissolution process. Sales professionals begin to fight for cherry accounts, posture for target rich territories, argue for origination fees and so on. They become more focused on their own stuff and their problems rather than on the company’s goals. You, as the sales manager, now need to utilize leadership and help create a common vision or goal. Show the team that by working together they can thrive, and not just survive.

For this reason, motivation is usually high and team members have confidence in their ability to attain goals. Later, he added a fifth stage, “adjourning” (also known as “mourning”) to mark the end of a team’s journey. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members. The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms. Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success.


Anna Khanenko|+44-555-6123-137

Anna Khanenko is a professional cryptocurrency investor, business and mutual fund analyst. In this blog she publishes the most important information from her financial analytics experience.

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